An injury, inflamed joints or tissues, fluid buildup, or prolonged standing or sitting can cause leg or ankle swelling. A swollen leg can appear larger than normal, causing difficulty in walking, chest pain, dizziness, and more. Determining the cause of leg swelling can help prevent more serious diseases from developing.
Cellulitis, a bacterial skin infection, can cause warm skin, redness, and swelling that spreads quickly.
Antibiotics can treat this condition. However, visit your doctor if the swelling does not subside or worsens even after treatment.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)
CVI affects the leg vein valves that carry blood to the heart causing it to malfunction. Due to this, some of the blood will flow backward and collect in the ankles and lower legs, thus causing swelling.
Treatment options for CVI are:
Foot or Ankle Injury
An inflammation followed by an ankle or foot injury can cause swelling.
An ankle sprain, a very common foot injury, can be treated at home by:
A blood clot, also referred to as deep vein thrombosis, in a leg vein can affect the blood flow to the heart, allowing blood to flow back and pool in the legs, thus causing swelling. A DVT might need urgent medical attention.
It can be treated by:
Swelling during pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes and pressure on veins due to the extra weight of your uterus.
Swollen legs during pregnancy might also indicate preeclampsia. It’s a life-threatening condition where the blood pressure and protein levels in the urine are dangerously high and requires immediate medical attention. This condition can occur during the 2nd or 3rd trimester of pregnancy or 6 weeks after giving birth.
Here are tips to ease leg swelling during pregnancy:
Low albumin levels (a protein produced by a healthy liver to prevent fluid leak) caused as a result of liver disease can cause fluid buildup in the legs resulting in swelling.
Chronic Kidney Disease
During end-stage renal disease, kidneys cannot remove waste and extra fluid from the body, causing fluid buildup that leads to swelling.
Here are tips to help prevent kidney disease:
Other conditions which can cause leg swelling are:
Schedule an appointment with North Atlanta Vascular Clinic and Vein Center if you are experiencing leg swelling or its symptoms. We offer the most effective leg swelling treatment in Johns Creek, GA, and surrounding areas.
Leg swelling can sometimes it can indicate a serious disorder such as deep-vein thrombosis or heart disease. Consult with a medical professional if your swelling is persistent or causes pain.