Varicocele is the swelling of the veins in the scrotum and testicles, causing pain and discomfort. According to research, varicoceles are prevalent in about 15% to 20% of men and individuals assigned male at birth (AMAB) in the United States, impacting roughly 1 in 5. The resulting complications of varicocele are severe, such as testicular atrophy (shrinkage of the testicles), decreased sexual function, low sperm count, and poor sperm motility.
Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the causes and symptoms is essential to identify the complications and ensure timely treatment. Read on to learn more about varicocele’s impact on male fertility.
Varicocele causes the veins inside the scrotum to become enlarged and dilated. It restricts the proper blood flow and leads to an increase in temperature inside the testicles. The rise in temperature affects sperm production and quality resulting in male infertility. In some cases, the shrinkage of testicles resulting from varicocele decreases testosterone levels, possibly preventing conception in their female partners.
Scrotum veins’ valves optimize the blood flow to and from the testicles. The abnormalities in the veins disrupt the flow, causing the blood to back up, thus resulting in the dilation and enlargement of the veins. This disruption causes varicocele in males.
Varicocele often does not produce any symptoms; possible signs may include are:
You may have a risk of developing varicocele if you:
Your doctor may perform the following procedures to diagnose varicocele:
You do not need to treat varicocele unless it causes:
If you experience any of the above consequences, your doctor may recommend one of the following procedures:
If you are experiencing varicocele symptoms, schedule an appointment with us at North Atlanta Vascular Clinic. With a team of experienced vein disease specialists in Suwanee, GA, we diagnose and treat varicocele effectively, providing patients with long-lasting relief. For more information on our services, visit our website or contact us at (770)-771- 5260.
Content Source: Cleveland Clinic
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