The Causes of Blood Pooling and How to Prevent It



Blood pooling occurs when you have chronic venous insufficiency, which, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications, including pulmonary embolism, secondary lymphedema, and venous ulceration. However, identifying the causes and symptoms can help you treat blood pooling in its early stages.

What Is Blood Pooling?

Your veins work hard to pump blood back to your heart, especially your leg veins, which are farthest from your heart. Often, your veins need to operate against gravity to transport your blood to your heart. If you have chronic venous insufficiency, your leg veins do not allow blood to flow back to your heart, causing blood pooling in your legs, ankles, and/ or feet. Chronic venous insufficiency occurs when your veins are damaged or weak and are unable to transport the blood properly.

Causes of Blood Pooling

The main causes of blood pooling include:

  • A family history of the condition 
  • Pregnancy 
  • Obesity 
  • Damage to your legs resulting from surgery, injury, or previous blood clots
  • Deep vein thrombosis (a blood clot in the deep vein)
  • Physical inactivity 
  • Increased blood pressure in the leg veins due to prolonged sitting or standing 

Symptoms of Blood Pooling

The primary signs and symptoms of blood pooling include:

  • Swelling
  • Varicose veins
  • Cramps 
  • Leg ulcers 
  • Pain in the affected area

Blood Pooling Treatment 

Your vein specialist may recommend any of these treatments to resolve your blood pooling and venous insufficiency issues:

  • Radio Frequency Ablation 
    This is performed to treat vein disease and large varicose veins on your legs. Your doctor will insert a tiny catheter into the damaged vein and deliver heat through this tube to collapse the vein.
  • Endovenous Laser Therapy (EVLT)
    Similar to radiofrequency ablation, your doctor will insert a catheter tube into the affected area and use laser light to generate heat, which then collapses the vein. 
  • Phlebectomy 
    This helps to treat varicose veins near your skin. Your doctor will make several small punctures in your skin and remove the damaged vein through these holes. This procedure is often performed with radiofrequency ablation or EVLT and does not require stitches. 
  • Sclerotherapy 
    This treats small and medium leg vein issues, including spider and varicose veins. Your doctor will inject a liquid into the damaged vein to close it.
  • VenaSeal/ Endovenous Adhesive Ablation 
    This is performed to treat varicose veins. Your doctor will insert a small catheter tube into the damaged area and put medical adhesive through it to close the vein. This redirects blood to healthy veins. 

How to Prevent Blood Pooling

To prevent pooling of blooding in your legs, ankles, and feet, try to:

  • Avoid standing or sitting in the same position for an extended period of time. Move around frequently.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.

Are you facing any symptoms of blood pooling in your legs? If so, you should seek medical help as soon as you can. Doing so will help you avoid any major complications in the long run.

If you are looking for the best and experienced vein specialist for treating blood pooling or other vein diseases, contact North Atlanta Vascular Clinic and Vein Center today to schedule an appointment. 


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North Atlanta Vascular Clinic and Vein Center

North Atlanta Vascular Clinic is a vascular surgery center located in Johns Creek, Cumming, Roswell, and Lawrenceville, Georgia. We stand out in professionalism and kindness. Our expert doctors and health care providers are known for their clinical excellence, experience, and can help you with the care you need. Our vein disease specialists offer a comprehensive examination that includes a physical examination, review of your symptoms, and discussion of your medical history. We use advanced venography techniques and provide effective treatment for several health conditions like DVT, Spider Veins, Leg Cramps, MTS, and more. Visit our website, connect with us on social media, or contact us to get accurate diagnosis and treatment for all your vascular diseases.

Toll-Free 1-800-VEINDOC